Consequence Arguments

David Botting


The Consequence Argument, in various forms, has been popular in recent discussions of libertarianism. I want to ask: what is the nature of the ‘necessity’ involved in the claim that necessarilyone cannot change the past or the laws of nature? I will answer that this necessity is not peculiar to the thesis of determinism and does not depend directly on the unchangeability of facts about the remote past; parallel consequence arguments can be constructed to show that libertarian free will is equally incompatible with indeterminism, fatalism, and naturalism.


free will; libertarianism; the consequence argument

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